verbal communication / oral communication

 

verbal communication means communicating orally. it is also non as Oral Communication.

 

verbal communication is the most popular means of sharing information or ideas. People use words to exchange thoughts, feelings, and ideas With others. since language is the most important tool of verbal communication, mastering linguistic skills is initial for effective verbal communication.

 

          it is the most common medium of communication. It refers to spoken words being  used to convey a message. Effective oral communication is a two way process and involves both speaking and listening. oral communication can be done either by using mechanical devices like telephone, loudspeaker, tape recorder, or face-to-face interactions; more formal ways include presentations at business meetings,, Classroom lectures, and commencement speech given to a graduation ceremony, etc.

 

 Factor to improve verbal communication skill

 To enhance our verbal communication skill, we need to develop some basic traits:

these are following -:

                                         Speech

                                         Pronunciation    

                                         Vocabulary Quality

                                         Rhythm

                                         Tone

                                         Pitch & Inflection

 

Speech-:

          Speech is the act of delivering a formal oral communication to an uninterested audience. clearly it is essential and is needed most welcome indicating with anyone full stop for this, one should use appropriate words, and speak with clear  diction  and pronunciation. this would help to draw the attention of the listener.

Pronunciation-:

              Proper articulation applied to a given word is that word’s pronunciation. The pronunciation includes how the vowels and consonants are produced as well as which syllable is emphasized. For generations, speakers depended on “markings (such as the International Phonetics Alphabet or similar Dictionary Symbols) to discover or decide how words were officially pronounced.

 

Vocabulary Quality-:

                   competency of effective communication is judged by the correct uses of vocabulary. if one is not sure of how to use a word, one should avoid using it. vocabulary can be improved by reading new words daily. Consult a dictionary to learn how to pronounce a new word.

 

Rhythm-:

                Rhythm is the intonation that is  primarily  every sun in the pins level of the voice, with which one is speaks.  one should maintain a rhythm to express once attitude and the different array of emotion such as surprise, happiness, it irritation curiosity, boredom, importance, mockery, etc.

 

Tone-:

           Words  drive their power from the way they are spoken, the tone of the speaker helps to create an impact on the listeners . it reflects the attitude and the emotions of the speaker, listener appropriate HAL full and pleasant tone full stop this, one should always be particular and use and appropriate tone while speaking.

 

Pitch & Inflection-:

                               Pitch  it refers to the loudness or softness of a speaker's voice. one should always speak in a clear, slow, and conversation alarm tone in order to be an effective communicator. however, one should only speak louder while addressing large groups or across large spaces.

Tips to improve oral / Verbal communication-: 

  1. Learn to Listen While Speaking. Learn to listen as you're speaking. ...

  2. Ask How You Can Help Them. A good habit is to ask, “How can I help you?” ...

  3. Practice Mindfulness. ...

  4. Learn How to Think Clearly. ...

  5. Use Concise Language. ...

  6. Ask Open-Ended Questions. ...

  7. Mind Your Body Language. ...

  8. Take on Their Perspective.

  9. read out loud.

  10. Make an audio video recording of your reading. take note of the areas you Need to work on.

  11. Talk to people in a manner that shows interest. 

Pros and Cons of Verbal Communication-:

 

 Pros / Advantages of Verbal Communication-:

             

  • It saves time in communication.

  • It is quick in obtaining feedback once delivered.

  • It provides a complete understanding of communication delivered and there is a chance to make it more clear in case of doubts in the interpretation of words or ideas.

  • It is a more reliable method of communication.

  • It is flexible and effective for all.

  • It is a powerful means of persuasion and control.

  • It is a cheaper way of communication and hence saves money.

Cons / disadvantages of Verbal Communication-:

  • Emotions are visible and hence leads to trouble in certain cases.

  • It has no legal validity and hence will lead to problems in certain situations.

  • It does not provide a permanent record unless it is recorded with modern means of storage.

  • It has issues when communicating with distant people.

  • It is difficult for certain people to understand speech due to various speech tones used in verbal communication.

  • This form of communication is not suitable for a lengthy message.

Functions of Verbal Communication-:

Our existence is intimately tied to the communication we use, and verbal communication serves many functions in our daily lives. it enables people to symbolically  represent objects, ideas, please, reality, organize, think, and shape attitudes. 

 

some of the functions of verbal communications are as follows:

  1. Verbal communication helps us define reality-: We use verbal communication to define everything from ideas, emotions, experiences, thoughts, objects, and people (Blumer). Think about how you define yourself. You may define yourself as a student, employee, son/daughter, parent, advocate, etc. You might also define yourself as moral, ethical, a night-owl, or a procrastinator. Verbal communication is how we label and define what we experience in our lives.

  2. Verbal communication helps us organize complex ideas and experiences into meaningful categories-: we all organize the people in our lives into categories. We label these people with terms like, friends, acquaintances, romantic partners, family, peers, colleagues, and strangers. We highlight certain qualities, traits, or scripts to organize outwardly haphazard events into meaningful categories to establish meaning for our world.

  3.  Help us maintain relationships-: It is thought verbal communication and other symbolic activity that relationship are developed and maintained. whenever we communicate  verbally  with another another person, a group or an audience, a relationship is instead.

  4. Help us think-:without verbal communication. he could not functions as  thinking  begins.  we used to reason, communicate, and develop our memories thought language.

  5.  Can be used to reward and punish-: we can offer verbal communication in that form of positive reinforcement  to praise someone. we can also use it in a critical, aggressive, or hurtful way as a form of negative   reinforcement.

  6. Performing action-: Everyday we make requests, issue invitations, command things, and even taunt to try to influence others' behavior. these are referred to as speech acts, meaning they call for an action.

 

Verbal communication is further divided into four subcategories:

  1. Intrapersonal Communication-: This form of communication is extremely private and restricted to ourselves. It includes the silent conversations we have with ourselves, wherein we juggle roles between the sender and receiver who are processing our thoughts and actions. This process of communication when analyzed can either be conveyed verbally to someone or stay confined as thoughts.
     

  2. Interpersonal Communication-: This form of communication takes place between two individuals and is thus a one-on-one conversation. Here, the two individuals involved will swap their roles of sender and receiver in order to communicate in a clearer manner.
     

  3. Small Group Communication-: This type of communication can take place only when there are more than two people involved. Here the number of people will be small enough to allow each participant to interact and converse with the rest. Press conferences, board meetings, and team meetings are examples of group communication. Unless a specific issue is being discussed, small group discussions can become chaotic and difficult to interpret by everybody. This lag in understanding information completely can result in miscommunication.
     

  4. Public Communication-: This type of communication takes place when one individual addresses a large gathering of people. Election campaigns and public speeches are example of this type of communication. In such cases, there is usually a single sender of information and several receivers who are being addressed.

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Verbal Communication

Non Verbal Communication

Visual Communication

Written Communication

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