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Sustainable development-:

Economic development that is conducted without depletion of natural resources.


"Sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs."


Sustainable development is the organizing principle for meeting human development goals while simultaneously sustaining the ability of natural systems to provide the natural resources and ecosystem services based upon which the economy and society depend. 

What are the Sustainable Development Goals?

The Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), also known as the Global Goals, were adopted by all United Nations Member States in 2015 as a universal call to action to end poverty, protect the planet and ensure that all people enjoy peace and prosperity by 2030.

Goals of Sustainable development-:

  1. No Poverty

  2. Zero Hunger

  3. Good Health and Well-being

  4. Quality Education

  5. Gender Equality

  6. Clean Water and Sanitation

  7. Affordable and Clean Energy

  8. Decent Work and Economic Growth

  9. Industry, Innovation and Infrastructure

  10. Reduced Inequalities

  11. Sustainable Cities and Communities

  12. Responsible Consumption and Production

  13. Climate Action

  14. Life Below Water

  15. Life on Land

  16. Peace, Justice and Strong Institutions

  17. Partnerships for the Goals

These above 17 objectives are interrelated and often the key to one's success will involve the issues most frequently linked to another.

They can be summarised as follows in short:

  • Eradicate poverty and hunger, guaranteeing a healthy life

  • Universalize access to basic services such as water, sanitation and sustainable energy

  • Support the generation of development opportunities through inclusive education and decent work

  • Foster innovation and resilient infrastructure, creating communities and cities able to produce and consume sustainably

  • Reduce inequality in the world, especially that concerning gender

  • Care for the environment combating climate change and protecting the oceans and land ecosystems

  • Promote collaboration between different social agents to create an environment of peace and sustainable development.


The guiding principle of sustainable development is development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs.














  1. Living within environmental limits

  2. Achieving a sustainable economy

  3. Promoting good governance

  4. Using science responsibility

  5. Ensuring is strong, healthy and just society


Sustainable development recognize the interdependence of environmental, social and economic systems and promotes equality and justice through people empowerment and a sense of global citizenship. Whilst we cannot be sure what the future may bring, a preferable future is a more sustainable one.

Concept of sustainable development-:

 The brundtland Commission’s definition and approach to environmental conservation was completely different from the conventional.

Let us look at some of the major difficulties.

Conventional approach-: 

  1. The environment was considered a separate entity, detached from human emotion or action, whereas development was a term used to describe  political goals and economics progress.

  2. Government Agencies and major departments( incharge of investment, employment, food, agency, and other economy and social development) play key roles in National decision making, and consequently in  determining whether environmental resources are maintained, protected, or degraded.

  3. The focus was on countering the ill effects of the  policy which caused environmental degradation.

Sustainable Development-: 

  1. The environmental is where we live and development is what we all do to improve our lives.  The two are inseparable.

  2. Environmental protection Agencies were added to the existing government structures to address environment  issues.

  3. The focus is on  correcting the policies that are the source for root cause of adverse Environmental effects.

Objective of Sustainable Development-:

According to United Nation and the affiliated organisation the main objective of sustainable development are are

1. Social

2. Environment

3. Economy

Importance of Sustainable Development

Sustainable development is necessary for the maintenance of the environment. The purpose of development work is people's welfare. The target of development work is never achieved effectively if the adverse effects are ignored.

The importance of sustainable development are as follows:

1. Proper Use of Means and Resource: Sustainable development teaches people to make low use of means and resources. The use of mineral oil, drinking water, insecticide, chemical fertilizer, forest product should be minimized. This will lead to the minimum use of means and resources for maximum benefit without wastage. It helps to conserve and promote the environment.

2. Development of Positive Attitude: Sustainable development brings about changes in people's knowledge, attitude, and skill. It aware the people of the responsibility to use and preserve, natural resources like mine, forest, land, herb, etc. It creates the feeling that natural resources are the common property of all and nobody can use the property according to his personal will. It helps to conserve natural and social environment. 

3. Development of Fundamental Parts: Sustainable development emphasizes on the progress of health, education,

agriculture, tourism and social reform for the development of human beings. While making progress in these aspects

environment conservation and promotion should be conducted ahead in an integrated way. 

4. Development Based on People's Participation: People's participation is to be given priority in development work in order to achieve the aim of sustainable development. It creates the interest of local people in development work and environment conservation with the feeling of ownership. In this way, it increases the public involvement at all levels of environment protection and promotion. 

5. Limitation of Development: Limited but effective uses of means and resources are enough for the people to satisfy their basic needs. However, more development works are carried on due to greed. Limited and non-renewable means and resources go on decreasing in globally due to over-use. Development works should be conducted as per carrying capacity Sustainable development aware the people of the involvement in the policy making for the concept of limit of development. 

6. Long lasting Development: Sustainable development aims at achieving the goal of economic and social development without destroying the earth's means and resources. It attempts to create the concept of maintaining the present work for the future and conserving the natural resources for future generation.

Challenges of sustainable development-:

The main challenges to sustainable development which are global in character include poverty and exclusion, unemployment, climate change, conflict and humanitarian aid, building peaceful and inclusive societies, building strong institutions of governance, and supporting the rule of law.

The Open Working Group of the United Nations, while acknowledging the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, has proposed the following aims for its Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) accompanied by specific targets for some:

  • Ending of poverty in all its forms everywhere by 2030 and eradicating extreme poverty for all everywhere, now measured as people living on less than $1.25 a day.

  • Ending hunger, achieving food security and improved nutrition, and promoting sustainable agriculture by 2030

  • Ensuring inclusive and equitable quality education and promoting life-long learning opportunities for all by 2030.

  • Ensuring availability and sustainable management of water and sanitation for all by 2030.

  • Ensuring access to affordable, reliable, sustainable, and modern energy for all by 2030.

  • Promoting sustained, inclusive and economic growth, full and productive employment and decent work for all

  • Sustaining per capita economic growth in accordance with national circumstances and in particular, at least 7 percent per annum GDP growth in the least-developed countries.

  • Building resilient infrastructure and promoting inclusive and sustainable industrialisation.

  • Encouraging innovation by developing quality, reliable, sustainable and resilient infrastructure, including regional and trans-border infrastructure, to support economic development and human well-being.

  • Reducing inequality within and among countries by 2030.

  • Making cities and human settlements inclusive, safe, resilient and sustainable by 2030.

  • Ensuring sustainable consumption and production patterns.

  • Taking urgent action to stop and mitigate climate change and its impacts through resilience and adaptive capacity to climate-related hazards and natural disasters in all countries.

  • Conserving and sustainably using the oceans, seas and marine resources for sustainable development by 2025..

  • Protecting, restoring and promoting sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems; sustainably managing forests, combating desertification, and halting and reversing land degradation and biodiversity loss by 2020.

  • Providing access to justice for all and promote effective, accountable and inclusive institutions at all levels.

Goals of Sustainable Development
The Principal of Sustainable Development
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